|Stevens, Joshua|| ||Chicopee Fals||Massachusetts||1814||1907|
|7,802||November 26, 1850|| Improvement in the Locking Apparatus of Repeating Fire-Arms
Specifiaction 1st page
Specification 2nd page
|8,412||October 7, 1851|| Patent drawing
Patent drawing, page 2
|9,929||August 9, 1853||Patent drawing|
|12,189||January 2, 1855||Patent drawing|
|44,123||September 6, 1864|| Breech-Loading Fire-Arm
Specification 1st page Specification 2nd page
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See Steven, J. Arms & Tool Co.
Joshua Steven, born in Chester, Massachusetts in 1814. Apprentices as a machinist in 1834. Around 1838 he was engaged by gunmaker Cyrus B. Allen, Springfield, Massachusetts. Later he became a Colt employee in his Hartford, Connecticut plant. Stevens worked on improvements of the Colt guns without Colt's improvement. In concequence he was fired.
A little late Stevens was engaged by Edwin Wesson to work on a revolver design. However, Wesson died unsexpectedly. Stevens continued to work on these revolvers and obtained patents, when working for the Massachusetts Arms Company until 1864. The Massachusetts Arms Company commercialised revolvers of the Edwin Wesson design but without acknowledge the Stevens name.
Colt realised a patent infringement which let to a payment to Colt of US$ 15.000.
In 1864 Stevens created his own J. Stevens & Co. company composed of Joshua Steven, James E. Taylor and William B. Fay. They manufactured tip-up rifles based on Steven's patend no. 44.123. This patent was the basis for almost all of the Stevens guns.
In 1888 the company's name altered to J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co.