Back to Homepage

Gatling, Richard Jordan

Name Street Town State From To
Gatling, Richard Jordan          


Patent Date Remarks
36,836 November 4, 1862 Patent drawing
47,631 May 9, 1865 Patent drawing
Page 2 of patent drawing
112,138 February 28, 1871 Patent drawing
Patent drawing, page 2
Page 2 of patent drawing, page 3
145,563 1874 Patent drawing
Patent drawing, page 2
502,185 July 25, 1893 Machine-Gun
Patent drawing
Patent drawing, page 2
Patent drawing, page 3
Claims, page 3
Claims, page 3


Contract for
   


Product
1818-1903, American inventor, B. Winton, N.C. He invented agricultural implements, which he manufactured in St. Louis, and then studied medicine in Indiana and Ohio, but he is remembered as the creator of a rapid-firing gun that was the precursor of the modern machine gun.
He offered the Gatling gun to the Union army in the Civil War and successfully demonstrated it in Dec., 1862, but it was not accepted by the Ordnance Dept. until 1866, after the war had ended. It was long used by the U.S. army until replaced by more modern types.

Until 1900 the US Government purchased more than 1000 Gatling Guns.

Foreign manufactures for Gatling Guns were located in Austria, China, Russia and United Kingdom.
About 1890 prices were from $700 (caliber .50 and smaler, 6 barrels) to $1800 (caliber 1 inch, 10 barrels).

Bannerman sold surplus U.S. Gatlings in the early 1900s for
$600 to $1000 (smaller caliber guns),
about $2000 (.30-40 caliber guns) and
about $2000 to $2500 (1 inch caliber guns)


Model 1862 Patent 36,836, November 4, 1862
.58 caliber percussion Gatling Gun, using paper cartridges, which was inserted into a tube having closed ends fitted with nipples for percussion caps. These tubes were placed in the feed hopper. 200 rounds per minute for a 6 barrel Gatling. 6 guns manufactured in 1862 but distroyed by fire at factory Miles Greenwood Foundry & Machine Works, Cincinnati, Ohio.

.58 r.f. caliber, 6 barrel Gatling Gun. 13 guns manufactured by Cincinnaty Type Foundry in 1863. All were baught by General Butler and Admiral Porter at prices of $ 1000.

Model 1865 Patent 47,631, May 9, 1865
.58 caliber rimfire and 1-inch caliber Gatlings, magazin wa a simple tin box, made by Cooper Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, well known as the manufacturer of James Maslin Cooper's percussion revolvers. 200 rounds per minute for a four-barrel Gatling Model 1866 .50/70/450 caliber centerfire and 1-inch caliber. In late 1866 production was transfered to Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, Hartford, Connecticut. The Gatling Gun Company was established as sales agency.

Model 1871 Patent 112,138, February, 28, 1871

Model 1874 Patent 145,563, 1874
Gravity-fed box magazine held 40 rounds of ammunition Musket length model about $ 1200 and short-barreled "Camel Gun" about $ 1000

Model 1875
Model 1875


Model 1876

Model 1877 Bulldog
6 barrels, 1,000 rounds per minute

Model 1879
10 barrels, .45/70 U.S. cartridge

Model 1883
800 rounds per minute or 1,500 rounds per minute with the rear-mounted crank
.45/70 Government cartridge, mechanical drum feed with 104 rounds
Model 1883
Model 1883 made by Colt

Model 1885
Model 1885

Model 1886

Model 1887

Model 1889
.45/70 Government cartridge, 10 barrels, 535 rounds per minute

Model 1890
Model 1890

Model 1891

Model 1892

Model 1893 Patent 504,516
.30 U.S. Government (.30/40 Krag) cartridge

Model 1893 Electric Gatling Gun Patent 502,182, July 25, 1893
3,000 rounds per minute for the ten barrel model

Model 1895